fallacy of composition
- The (mistaken) assumption that, if an action is in the collective interest of a group , and if members of that group are rational , then the group must be (in the same sense) collectively rational-and will therefore act in its interest, just as each of its individual rational members would do. The fallacy has been demonstrated by game theorists and theorists of public goods.
Dictionary of sociology. 2013.
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Fallacy of composition — The fallacy of composition arises when one infers that something is true of the whole from the fact that it is true of some part of the whole (or even of every proper part). For example: This fragment of metal cannot be broken with a hammer,… … Wikipedia
fallacy of composition — the fallacy of arguing from premises in which a term is used distributively to a conclusion in which it is used collectively or of assuming that what is true of each member of a class or part of a whole will be true of all together (as in if my… … Useful english dictionary
Fallacy — In logic and rhetoric, a fallacy is usually incorrect argumentation in reasoning resulting in a misconception or presumption. By accident or design, fallacies may exploit emotional triggers in the listener or interlocutor (appeal to emotion), or… … Wikipedia
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Fallacy of distribution — A fallacy of distribution is a logical fallacy occurring when an argument assumes there is no difference between a term in the distributive (referring to every member of a class) and collective (referring to the class itself as a whole)… … Wikipedia
composition/division, fallacies of — The fallacy of composition is one of arguing that because something is true of members of a group or collection, it is true of the group as a whole. For example, in Utilitarianism, J. S. Mill appears to argue that since each person desires just… … Philosophy dictionary
fallacy, formal and informal — In philosophy, reasoning that fails to establish its conclusion because of deficiencies in form or wording. Formal fallacies are types of deductive argument that instantiate an invalid inference pattern (see deduction; validity); an example is… … Universalium
Composition — may refer to: Composition (logical fallacy), in which one assumes that a whole has a property solely because its various parts have that property Compounding is also known as composition in linguistic literature in computer science Object… … Wikipedia
fallacy — /fal euh see/, n., pl. fallacies. 1. a deceptive, misleading, or false notion, belief, etc.: That the world is flat was at one time a popular fallacy. 2. a misleading or unsound argument. 3. deceptive, misleading, or false nature; erroneousness.… … Universalium
Fallacy of quoting out of context — The practice of quoting out of context, sometimes referred to as contextomy or quote mining , is a logical fallacy and a type of false attribution in which a passage is removed from its surrounding matter in such a way as to distort its intended… … Wikipedia